The product is a novel, recombinant and soluble thrombomodulin (ART-123). It is a human protein with both thrombin inhibiting and protein C stimulating activities.
>99% by SDS-Page and HPLC analysis
<0.001 EU per 1 μg by the LAL method
Investigated for use/treatment in blood preservative, blood (blood forming organ disorders, unspecified), sepsis and septicemia, and thrombosis.
Examples of Clinical Use:
Sepsis, septicemia, and thrombosis.
The product, a recombinant human soluble TM, enhances activation of pro-carboxypeptidase B2 (pro-CPB2) by thrombin. Activated pro-CPB2 (CPB2) exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrinolytic activities.
Mechanism of action:
Thrombomodulin alfa is a soluble form of recombinant human thrombomodulin comprising all extracellular domains of thrombomodulin. Bound to thrombin, Thrombomodulin alfa inhibits its procoagulant activity and promotes activation of protein C. Thrombomodulin alfa inhibits thrombin generation by the activation of protein C and the subsequent inactivation of factor Va in the presence of protein S. Thrombomodulin alfa attenuates the extension of the clot by inhibiting further thrombin generation on clots, while other anticoagulants inhibit the initiation of clot formation. A higher concentration of Thrombomodulin alfa is needed to affect clotting time and platelet aggregation than thrombin generation.
Target 1. Prothrombin; Target 2. Coagulation factor V
Thrombomodulin Alfa (TMD) is a recombinant soluble thrombomodulin known for its critical roles in medicine, particularly as it relates to coagulation and inflammatory processes. Thrombomodulin was discovered in the 1980s by Esmon and his colleagues looking at endothelial cell thrombosis. A decade later, they discovered the variant Thrombomodulin Alfa, which is a soluble version. The gene that encodes this protein, THBD, is located on chromosome 20, at band 20p13. Thrombomodulin is a transmembrane glycoprotein containing five distinct domains, including a cytoplasmic N-terminal, a transmembrane section, and three extracellular segments. The Thrombomodulin Alfa version is limited to the extracellular portion.
Thrombomodulin Alfa Function
The Thrombomodulin Alfa protein plays a vital role in an integrated physiological pathway dealing with coagulation. Its primary responsibility is to act as a cofactor for thrombin. Once these two proteins bind, they can activate Protein C, a potent anticoagulant. The goal of this innovative mechanism is to maintain a delicate balance between coagulation and anticoagulation, proving instrumental in preventing unwanted blood clot formation.
Thrombomodulin Alfa-related Signaling Pathways
In addition to its well-known interactions with thrombin, Thrombomodulin Alfa also plays a role in two significant signaling pathways: the protein C pathway and the complement system pathway. In the protein C pathway, Thrombomodulin Alfa serves as an essential cofactor for thrombin in activating Protein C. Once active, this anticoagulant prevents blood clot formation by inhibiting Factor V and Factor VIII. More than just an anticoagulant, Protein C also exhibits anti-inflammatory behavior, adding further importance to Thrombomodulin Alfa’s function. In the complement system pathway, Thrombomodulin Alfa binds to and neutralizes C3b and C4b, preventing unnecessary inflammation by minimizing the formation of the C3 and C5 convertases.
Thrombomodulin Alfa Related Diseases
Reduced Thrombomodulin Alfa levels or its dysfunction have been associated with many diseases, especially those related to coagulation and inflammation. These include thromboembolic diseases such as deep vein thrombosis, and inflammatory diseases like sepsis. It's also seen in certain pathological states like atherosclerosis and cancer. In these conditions, Thrombomodulin Alfa’s ability to act as a potent anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory agent becomes of utmost importance. This critical role makes Thrombomodulin Alfa a crucial target for therapeutic interventions in these diseases.
The Application of Thrombomodulin Alfa in Medicine
Owing to its inherent properties and function, Thrombomodulin Alfa has found its most significant application in medicine as a potent anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory therapeutic agent. It is notably used in the treatment of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), a severe disorder associated with widespread blood clots throughout the body. Thrombomodulin Alfa has also shown promising results in the management of severe sepsis and septic shock.
List of Drug Candidates Related to Thrombomodulin Alfa
Artisan, one of the most famous drugs related to Thrombomodulin Alfa, is used in the treatment of DIC. Another equally well-known example is Recomodulin, used in severe sepsis to limit the risk of organ damage due to inflammation and micro-clotting events.
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without prior written approval from Creative BioMart.
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